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Poker Terminologies

Poker Terminologies Nov 3, 2008, Last Updated: Dec 9, 2008 No comments

Aces Full
Three aces and a pair make aces full. Note: In Holdem, it is possible for two players to have aces full. In the event both players have aces full, then the player with the higher pair in their full house is the winner

When a player has all of their chips or money in a pot

Bad Beat
A bad beat occurs in one of two scenarios. The first is when a strong hand is beaten by a hand that was mathematically unsound to play, such as pocket aces losing to 7-2. The other scenario is when you make a really strong hand and lose to an even stronger one, such as a full house losing to quads.

The amount of money that you have to play poker with. A bankroll is money that is specifically set aside to play poker and not used for anything else.

Big Blind
The first of two forced bets in a round of Texas Holdem. The big blind is the second player to the left of the button. In Limit cash games, the big blind is the small bet amount. (In a $2-$4 game the big blind is $2.) Otherwise, in tournaments and No-Limit games, the big blind is a set amount. In a $1-$2 NL game, the big blind is $2.

Big Slick
When you hold Ace-King as your starting hand.

Bottom Pair
When you make a pair using a card in your hand and the lowest card on the board.

Pocket aces

A white disc used to determine the dealer position at the table. This is the strongest position as this person is the last to act on all streets.

The amount of money required to enter a cash game or a tournament.

When a player checks to another and then raises that player once they bet into them.

Two cards in successive rank that are also suited, such as 8-9 of hearts.

Pocket kings

Dominated Hand

A dominated hand is one that is similar to another players hand but usually has a worse kicker. An example is A-K vs. A-10. The A-10 is dominated by the A-K.

Double Up

In a tournament or cash game, when a player puts all of their chips at risk and wins, they double up the size of their stack. This is usually more relevant to tournaments.

Drawing Dead

When a player cannot improve their hand to beat another player’s hand, they are considered drawing dead.

Early Position

The first three players to the left of the button. This is both blinds and the under the gun position. These players are in the worst position at the table.


The first three community cards dealt in Texas Holdem. Also known as Third Street.

Five cards of the same suit.

Four of a Kind

Four cards of the same rank.

Free Roll

A poker tournament that is free to enter.

Full House

A hand containing both three of a kind and a separate pair.

High Card

When a player does not connect with any sort of ranked hand, such as a pair, then the highest rank card is their hand. A player with only king high, they are deemed to have high card king.

High Roller

A player that either plays high stakes or bets out a lot of money. The largest high rollers are referred to as “Whales”. Whales are typically those that bet millions or are high net worth players.


When you connect with the flop or any other part of the board, you are said to have “hit.” Players look to hit the flop in order to improve their hands.

Hole Card(s)

In Holdem, these are your two cards dealt to you preflop. In any other poker game, these are the cards that you receive face down.


When you are able to make a pair, two pair, or a set with a card in your hand, you other card becomes your kicker, or high card to go with your hand. In the event that two players make the same hand, such as a pair of aces, then the player with the best kicker wins the hand. In the event the kicker’s are the same, then the pot would be chopped.

Late Position

The last three to four spots in relation to the button at the table. Usually the 7-9 or 7-10 seats. These players have an advantage over other players as they can see everyone’s actions.

Limp In

To only call the big blind amount in hoping to see a cheap flop.


A really strong poker hand that has a high percentage of winning, such as pocket aces.


The discard pile in a card game. When you fold, this is referred to as mucking or throwing your hand into the muck.

No Limit

A variant of Holdem or other poker games where players may be up to the amount in their stack at any time.


When you have a hand that cannot be beaten.

One Pair

Two cards of the same rank.


Cards needed to make your hand. If you have an open ended straight draw, eight cards in the deck complete your hand. You would have eight outs.

Over the top

When you re-raise a person, it is called coming over the top of them.


Term referring to the players spot at the table in relation to the button. The better position you hold, the bigger the advantage as you can see more players act before you.

Pot Odds

The comparison of how much money you must put into the pot to call a bet against the amount of money in the pot. Example: The pot is $20 on the river. Someone bets $4 and you must decide to call. There are currently six $4 bets in the pot so you’re getting 6 to 1 odds to call.


Four of a kind.


The last community card dealt in Texas Holdem. Also known as “Fifth Street.”

Royal Flush

The best possible hand in poker. It is an A-K-Q-J-10 of the same suit.

Short Stack

The player with the least amount of chips at a poker table.

Small Blind

The first of two forced bets in a round of Texas Holdem. The small blind is the first player to the left of the button. In Limit cash games, the small blind is half the small bet amount. (In a $2-$4 game the small blind is $1.) Otherwise, in tournaments and No-Limit games, the small blind is a set amount. In a $1-$2 NL game, the small blind is $1.


Five cards of consecutive rank. Ex: 4-5-6-7-8

Straight Flush

Five cards of consecutive rank and of the same suit.

Structured Betting

In limit poker, structured betting limits the betting on each street. The limits preflop and on the flop are typically half of the limits on the turn and river. In a $2-$4 Limit game, the preflop and flop betting increments are $2 and the turn and river bet increments are $4.

Table Stakes

While in a hand, you can only bet up to the money currently in your stack. You cannot add or subtract money from your stack. Also, you cannot be bet out of a hand when you cannot meet the bet size. You would then be declared “all-in” and can win the amount in your stack.

Three of a Kind

Three cards of the same rank. Also known as trips or a set.

Top Pair

A pair made from a card in your hand and the highest card on the board.


The fourth community card in Holdem. Also known as Fourth Street.

Two Pair

Two cards of one rank plus two cards of another rank.

Under the Gun

The first player to act after the big blind.

Winning Hands

Listed from highest to lowest.


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